21.(6分)Imagine how boring life would be，if not for creative and useful inventions.
Rolling Bench.Sitting on a park bench especially after a rain is a nightmare，and I bet most of you have had that uncomfortable experience of rising to a wet bottom.These benches can accurately save you on a rainy day.They have a handle that can turn the seat surface to face a relatively clean side.Be careful with the people who might turn the handle and land you into water.
Stairway Drawers.Stairways are generally considered a threat as it occupies a lot of space，but what about one that will serve its purpose and can also be used to store things.It's a pretty interesting concept：the stairway has built﹣in one push drawer into every step that can store your shoes.
Stairway Library.These stairways are specially made to house your collection of books and magazines or even your favourite music CDs.This fashionable stairway is an obvious must﹣have for those of you owning your own library.You can even use it to show off your collection of vases and antiques.
Pocket Chair.Say goodbye to pains especially when working in a garden for a long time.You can now carry your foldable，pocket chair with you，wherever you go.Take it along with you if you have to go for a long trip too，you can simply open it up and sit at ease.
21.What should you do first before sitting on a rolling bench after a rain?
A.Remove the surface of the seat.
B.Turn the surface upside down.
C.Fix a clean surface on the seat.
D.Turn the handle repeatedly.
22.Stairway drawers are the names of containers .
A.for you to house vases and antiques
B.for children to show off their CDs
C.used to put aside your shoes
D.used to collect books and magazines
23.If Mary wants to go for a camp on Sunday，she is advised to take along the .
A.rolling bench B.stairway library
C.pocket chair D.stairway drawers.
24.(8分)There is a 9﹣year﹣old kid sitting at his desk and all of a sudden，there is a puddle (一滩水) between his feet and the front of his pants are wet.He thinks his heart is going to stop because he cannot possibly imagine how this has happened.It's never happened before，and he knows that when the boys find out they will never let him forget it.When the girls find out，they'll never speak to him again as long as he lives.
The boy believes his heart is going to stop.He puts his head down and prays："This is an emergency!I need help now!Five minutes from now I'm dead meat."
He looks up from his prayer，and here comes the teacher with a look in her eyes that says he has been discovered.
As the teacher is walking toward him，a classmate named Susie is carrying a goldfish bowl that is filled with water.Susie trips in front of the teacher and spills the bowl of water in the boy's lap.
The boy pretends to be angry，but all the while is saying to himself."Thank God!"
Now all of a sudden，instead of being made fun of，the boy gets sympathy.The teacher rushes him downstairs and gives him gym shorts to put on while his pants dry out.All the other children are on their hands and knees cleaning up around his desk.The sympathy is wonderful.But the ridicule that should have been his is given to someone else﹣Susie.She tries to help，but they tell her to get out."You've done enough!"
Finally，at the end of the day，as they are waiting for the bus，the boy walks over to Susie and whispers："You did that on purpose，didn't you?"Susie whispers back："I wet my pants once too."
24.What is the boy's reaction to this incident at first?
A.He is calm but worried.
B.He thinks he is going to die.
C.He is afraid and embarrassed.
D.He prays and asks for help from his teacher.
25.The underlined word"sympathy"probably means .
26.After Susie spills the bowl of water in the boy's lap， .
A.other students ask Susie for help and yell at her
B.the teacher sends the boy downstairs to clean up around his desk
C.the little boy becomes really angry and runs away to change his clothes
D.the little boy is saved from embarrassment and gains others'sympathy
27.From the story，we can conclude that .
A.all the children feel wonderful about being able to help
B.the teacher does not know what actually happened to the little boy
C.Susie spends a long time coming up with a plan to help the little boy
D.Susie is kindhearted and still tries to help even though she is ridiculed.
28.(8分)He is probably the greatest artist of the 20th century.As CBS said，Pablo Picasso (1881﹣1973)"defined modern art".
In the past，artists had made paintings look like windows﹣they painted to make it look like there was depth.You could tell which objects were"close"to you and which objects were"far away"，as if the picture were a window you were looking through.
But Picasso and his colleague Georges Braque (1882﹣1963)thought that a painting wasn't a window on the world; it was marks and lines on a flat surface.Why should an object be shown only from one perspective?
Their answer was to break up objects into pieces and show all the perspectives.
It was an analytical approach to art，which gave this style of painting its name："analytic cubism(解析立体主义)".You can take a closer look at these paintings in Shanghai where nearly 100pieces of Picasso's work are on display until Jan 31，2016.
But why did they feel such a need to change things?Well，the world around them was changing.Albert Einstein's theory of relativity was proving what humans knew about time and space to be wrong.And it wasn't only science that was making waves.New political movements like socialism were on the rise.So artists needed to start seeing the world and painting it differently.
A famous and terrifying painting，Guernica (1937)is a picture of the horror caused to the town of Guernica by bombs during the Spanish Civil War (1936﹣1939).In the picture，the sky actually falls in.Picasso could not have painted it without the skills he had learned during his cubist period.They had prepared him for showing the town being destroyed.
"Instead of showing objects from one viewpoint，Picasso showed them from many different angles，"said The Huffington Post.
28.What is the article mainly about?
A.Why Picasso's paintings have a lasting appeal.
B.What inspired Picasso to become a great artist.
C.Picasso's great，revolutionary achievements in art.
D.The background of the birth of Picasso's analytic cubism.
29.What do we know about the painting revolution started by Picasso and Georges Braque?
A.They painted like there was depth in their paintings.
B.They painted objects that they had broken into pieces.
C.They tried to make their paintings look like windows.
D.They showed the different angles of an object in their paintings.
30.Picasso and Georges Braque started analytic cubism because .
A.they believed art needed to change to follow the changing world
B.they wanted to apply Einstein's theory of relativity to painting
C.Picasso wanted to make waves just like Einstein did
D.new political movements had forced art to change
31.The painting Guernica is mentioned in the 7th paragraph to show .
A.the main themes of Picasso's paintings
B.the philosophy behind Picasso's paintings
C.what Picasso had learned during the cubist period
D.that Picasso's analytical approach made it a masterpiece.
32.(8分)Heads turned，tears dropped，and gossip﹣filled whispers went on and on from the hospital passages to the house windows.There was a problem：a daughter had been born.She wasn't the first disappointment born to her family.Although my aunt didn't care about giving birth to a girl，her mother﹣in﹣law constantly reminded her of the criticism she would have to face if she gave birth to a daughter.In India，most people held these views.
When I visited my relatives during the summer，one sentence managed to fill me with anger and start arguments with my so﹣called relatives."You are a girl，stay within your limits."They simply don't know how different it is living in the US.Anyway，comparisons to my cousins led me to end the arguments for the moment and accept the way they lived their lives.
My words didn't make sense to them so my mind was set on proving them wrong.
Although their words didn't tear me apart，their actions managed to.The amount of sexism(性别歧视) in this culture，especially my hometown，made me feel bad.It was the 21st century，yet women had to eat after the men at family gatherings.They had to cook all the family meals and were asked to take jobs that required little skill or education.It was time to change these views.
As I was growing older，the same relatives repeatedly questioned me about my future："What do you want to be?"And the answer was always the same：electrical engineer.I have a passion for electronics; as clichéd(陈词滥调的) as it sounds，I was born to do it.When I connect wires together to repair something，I can't contain my excitement.But when I tried to explain this to my relatives，all of them，except for my parents and grandparents，would be shocked and laugh at me﹣laugh because they didn't think I could live up to my goals，being a"girl and all".It was time to change these views.
In my world，being a girl is not a problem.Rather，it is an opportunity to allow passion，not stereotypes(成见)，to shape my future.I decided to channel my relatives'views into positive energy.Rather than letting them bring me down，I let them be motivation to achieve my goal of becoming an engineer.I，a female，will become a successful engineer.
32.The first paragraph was mainly written to .
A.describe how bad the author's aunt felt for having a baby girl
B.show that most Indian people are strongly prejudiced against women
C.describe the pressure the author's aunt had to face when she was going to have a baby
D.show that the author's aunt's generation is fighting against prejudice against women
33.From the second and third paragraphs，it can be concluded that .
A.the author's friends and relatives were jealous about her life in the US
B.the author realized that just using words couldn't change the relatives'sexism
C.the author got used to being reminded to stay within her limits after she was born
D.the author often argued with her relatives because she believed US lifestyles were right
34.In the article，in what way does the author show how serious the amount of sexism was in her hometown?
A.By describing feeling defeated after arguments.
B.By stressing the conflicts she had with her relatives.
C.By describing people's words，behavior and common practices.
D.By giving examples of how her goals were laughed at repeatedly.
35.According to the text，the author decided to change her relatives'views by .
A.achieving her dream of becoming an engineer
B.using her relatives'comments as motivation
C.letting stereotypes influence her future decisions
D.achieving her ambition of changing her hometown.
36.(10分)Can you fall fast asleep at night?If not，you can try to drink a glass of hot milk.(36) Still no luck?Try thinking about sheep jumping over a fence.Count them to yourself，"One，two，three，four…one hundred and ninety﹣five，one hundred and ninety﹣six…"
(37) Should you take a sleeping pill?People who take pills often come to depend on the drugs.So you lie awake knowing that the new work day will soon arrive.If this happens to you forat least one month，you may have primary insomnia(失眠).There are millions of you…us…around the world.
A new study has found that you might fall asleep quicker and stay asleep longer if you try"cerebral hypothermia".No，cerebral hypothermia is not a complex medical process.(38)
Two American professors led the study.They examined 12people who had insomnia and 12others who had no sleep problems.Each of them wore a soft plastic cap on their heads at bed time.
(39) The researchers moved the water through the tubes and then changed the temperature of the water.Other studies showed that people who had trouble sleeping often had more chemical reactions in the front of their brains.The researchers thought lowering the temperature of the brain might help.
The first two nights of testing，the patients wore no water caps.During the next two nights，the caps were worn，but the water was not cooled.Then the researchers cooled the water a little for two nights.(40)
The researchers found that the water caps did not help the insomnia patients until the temperature was about 14℃.Most of the patients fell asleep faster and slept better when the coolest water was moving around their heads.
A.Some say sheep counting might help.
B.It just means cooling down your brain.
C.It is late at night and you are still awake.
D.The caps had tubes inside filled with water.
E.If that does not work，listen to some soft，beautiful music.
F.They believe they have discovered something important that needs more research.
G.On the final two nights of the study，the temperature of the water was made much cooler.
41.(30分)Have you ever not wanted to do something so badly?Well，that's how I (41) about joining Madcaps，a mothers and daughters'club assisting philanthropies(慈善事业).(42) ，my feeling changed finally.Now I believe if you adopt a(n) (43) attitude，you might just(44) enjoying it.
Six months ago，my mom told me the club asked us to work as (45) at Saint Vincent de Paul Homeless shelter.That meant I had to (46) in the dirty homeless shelter for at least 20hours.
The first time we went there，a lady led us to the kitchen where we(47) my five fellow Madcaps classmates﹣they also wore the same mark.Since I'm usually (48) awkward，I had never talked with any of them earlier.Worse still，my mom was asked to help outside the kitchen，leaving me totally (49) to serve food with them.Soon large numbers of homeless families (50) in like rushing river.A little girl，around 5years old，walked up to me.I (51) her a cold sandwich.She took it and joined her family quickly.As she walked away，I (52) she was wearing a coat，clearly too big for her，hanging (53) on her thin body，and couldn't help thinking how much I had (54) with her.It suddenly struck me that how (55) I am.
After that moment I had a (56) of heart.Now I love Madcaps and don't miss one meeting.I have(57) awkwardness when communicating and have many friends.And this year I am sure I will do more than the (58) 20hours of philanthropies.
So that is how I have made a(59) by doing one thing I don't want to do.If you have an open (60) about things，you can accomplish more and become a well﹣rounded person.
|44．A．keep on||B．give up||C．end up||D．insist on|
|47．A．ran into||B．cared about||C．looked for||D．passed by|
- 2018高考物理真题答案解析(北京卷) 2018-06-11
- 2018高考化学真题答案解析(北京卷) 2018-06-11
- 2018北京高考数学(文科)真题深度解析 2018-06-08
- 2018北京高考数学(理科)真题深度解析 2018-06-08
- 2018北京市高考语文真题答案(完整版) 2018-06-08
- 2018北京高三一模理科数学试卷答案(西城区) 2018-04-11
- 2018北京高三一模理科数学试卷(西城区) 2018-04-11
- 2018北京各区高三一模试卷及答案解析 2018-04-10
- 2018北京高三一模文科数学试卷答案(西城区) 2018-04-10
- 2018北京高三一模文科数学试卷(西城区) 2018-04-10
- 2018年海淀区高三英语上学期期中考试试题答案 2018-11-08
- 2018年海淀区高三英语上学期期中考试试题 2018-11-08
- 河北省沧州市高一政治上学期期中考试试题 2018-03-20
- 河北省唐山市2017高一政治上学期期中考试试题 2018-03-20
- 翰林学校2017年秋季学期高一年级期中政治测试试题及答案 2018-03-20
- 2015-2016学年广东省深圳中学高三(上)期末英语试卷 2018-03-20
- 2013-2014学年广东省中山市高一(上)期末英语试卷 2018-03-20
- 2012-2013学年广东省中山市高一(下)期末英语试卷 2018-03-20
- 2013-2014学年天津市五区县高二(上)期末英语试卷 2018-03-20
- 2013-2014学年天津市南开区高一(上)期末英语试卷 2018-03-20