高中英语必修二课文翻译: Music

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  Music

  (一)原文+译文

  THE BAND THAT WASN’T并非乐队的乐队

  Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? 你曾经想过要成为一个乐队里有名的歌手或音乐家吗? Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? 你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众演唱,观众欣赏你的歌唱为你鼓掌吗? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Lin Huan? 你唱卡拉OK时是否假装自己就是宋祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌星吗?To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. 说实在的,很多人把名和利看得很重。But just how do people form a band? 那么,人们又是怎样一起组成乐队的呢?

  Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own music. 许多音乐家聚在一起组成乐队,是因为他们喜欢自己作曲,演奏自己的音乐。 They may start as a group of high-school students, for whom practicing their music in someone’s house is the first step to fame. 他们开始可能是一组中学生,在某个人家里排练音乐是成名的第一步。 Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments. 有时他们可能在街上或在地铁里为过路人演奏,这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. 后来,他们可能在酒吧或者俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以得到现金。Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires! 当然,他们希望在录音棚里录音,然后卖掉上百万张碟,从而成为百万富翁。

  However, there was one band hat started in a different way. 然而,也有一个用不同方式组建起来的乐队。 It was called the Monkees and began as a TV show. 这支乐队叫“门基乐队”,它开始时是以电视节目表演的形式出现的。 The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the beatles. 组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些玩笑和音乐大多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. 电视制作人原计划想寻找四位会唱会表演的乐手。They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. 他们在报纸上登了一则广告,想招摇滚乐手,但他们只招到一个满意的。They had to use actors for the other three members of the band.乐队的其他三人只能用演员来代替。

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  As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them. 因为这些演员中有些人唱得不是很好,他们不得不依靠队里的其他人帮助。So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. 所以在演出的时候他们只是假唱。Anyhow their performances were humorous enough to be copied by clubs in order to get more familiar with them. 不管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默以至于其他的乐队也开始模仿。他们非常走红使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。 Each week on TV, the Mondees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. 门基乐队每个星期都要在电视上演唱由别的音乐家创作的歌曲。However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. 然而,经过大约一年以后,门基乐队逐渐对自己的工作认真起来,他们开始像一支真正的乐队那样演唱自己创作的歌曲。 Then they produced their own records and started touring and play their own music. 然后他们录制自己的唱片,并且开始巡回表演他们自己的音乐。 In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. 在美国,他们甚至比“甲壳虫”乐队还要受欢迎,出售的录音专辑还要多。 The band broke up about 1970, but happily the reunited in the mid-1980s. “门基乐队”大约在1970年左右解散,但是令人高兴的是,到80年代中期他们再次聚首。they produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band. 在1996年,他们推出了一张新的专辑,以此来庆祝他们真正成为乐队以来的那段时光。

  (二)重点短语

  1. dream of/ about 梦想,想要

  2. at a concert在音乐会上

  3. to be honest 老实说,说实话

  4. attach v.系上,附上,附加,连接 attach … to …. 附上,连接

  attach importance/value/significance/weight to认为…有重要性/价值/意义/分量(to为介词)

  be attached to连在...上, 附属于;热爱, 依恋

  5. form the habit of doing sth.形成…的习惯

  6. give performances 演出

  7. be paid in cash 得到现金

  8. earn v.赚,挣得,赢 earn extra money挣外快 earn/make a/one’s living谋生 make/earn money挣钱

  9. rely on/upon=depend on/upon 依靠 rely on sb. doing sth.= rely on to do sth. 指望/依靠某人做… rely on it that从句 相信,指望… reliable (adj.)可依赖的,可靠的

  10.during the broadcasts 在播出的时候 live television broadcast实况电视广播, 现场电视广播

  11. be familiar to为…所熟悉get/be familiar with=have a good knowledge of 熟悉, 通晓, 精通

  12. in addition=what’s more 另外,加之,此外in addition to…=besides除…之外还

  13. break up 解散,解体;打碎;(关系) 破碎,;分裂, 结束, 衰落,驱散;分手

  break down破坏,损坏;停住运转,出故障;精神崩溃,身体垮掉;(中途)抛锚break in插话,打断 break into 破门而入 break out突然发生,(疾病、火灾战争等)爆发 break off 突然停止或中断说话;断裂 break away逃走,脱离出去

  14. play jokes on=play a joke on耍弄,开玩笑 make fun of取笑 laugh at嘲笑

  15. a year or so 大约一年

  16. go away离去, 带走(with)

  17. mix up搅匀(拌和,混淆,搞乱)

  18. sort out分类;整理;区分;解决(问题) sort…into…把…分类,整理 all sorts of各种各样的 19. in brief简言之,一言以蔽之 in short综上所述 to be brief简单地说 briefly(adv.)简要地

  20. devotion (n.)投入,热爱 devoted(adj.) 忠实的,深爱的 devote(v.) 献身,专心于

  devote oneself to献身,致力,专心于 be devoted to专心于 devote…to…把…用于/献给

  21. afterwards随后,后来 forward(s) 向前 backward(s)向后

  22. as soon as一…就…

  23. be confident about/of/in对…有信心

  24. on a brief tour 短暂的巡演

  25. went wrong.出错了25. be sensitive to对…敏感

  26. come up with提出,想出(主意,计划,答案)

  27. stick to 坚持,忠于,信守(原则,计划,决定,诺言,意见等) 注:to为介词

  insist on坚持(建议,看法,主张等)

  28. above all首先,最重要的是first of all首先,第一

  29.pretend假装,伪装 pretend to be+ adj./n.假装是 pretend to do假装做 pretend to be doing假装正在做pretend to have done假装已做过… pretend that从句 假装…

  (三)重点句型

  1.Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.有时他们可能在街上或地铁里为过路人演奏,这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。

  They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get familiar with them. 他们非常走红使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。

  So that“以便,为了” so…that…“如此…以致于…”

  (四)语法“介词+which/whom”引导的定语从句

  关系代词在定语从句中作介词后面的宾语时,有时可把介词提到关系代词的前面,但这时如果先行词是人,要用“介词+whom”引导定语从句;如果先行词是物,要用“介词+which”引导定语从句。且关系代词都不能省略。Eg:

  (1) The girl whom I borrowed the bike from is my friend.

  (2) The girl from whom I borrowed the bike is my friend.

  (3) How is the film about which I often talked to you?

  (4) Is this the room in which Mr. Smith lives?

  注意:一些固定的含有介词的短语动词在定语从句中不能拆开,即不能把介词放关系词前。

  (1) This is the bag which he is looking for .

  (2) The old lady whom she is looking after is her teacher.

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