高中英语必修二课文翻译:Wildlife protection

时间:2020-02-28 16:50:48 来源: 阅读:(

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  Wildlife protection

  (一)原文+译文

  HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WILDLIFE

  戴茜是如何学会保护野生动物的

  微信公众号:简单高中生(ID:jiandan100cn)

  Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. 戴茜一直以来都渴望帮助那些濒临灭绝的野生动植物。One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. 一天她醒来,发现床边有一块飞毯。 “Where do you want to go?” it asked. Daisy responded immediately. “I’d like to see some endangered wildlife,” she said. 飞毯问:“你想去哪儿?”戴茜立刻回答道:“我想去看看濒临灭绝的野生动物。 “Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” 请带我到遥远的地方,在那里我可以发现为制作这件毛衣而提供毛绒的那种动物。”At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. 飞毯立刻开始起飞了,带她到了中国的西藏。 There daisy saw and antelope looking sad. 在那里,戴茜看到一只藏羚羊面带忧郁的神色。 It said, “We’re being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” 它说:“为了取得我们肚皮底下的羊毛,我们正在被屠杀。我们的毛被用来为像你一样的人们制作毛衣。因此,我们现在濒临灭绝了。”At that Daisy cried, “I’m sorry I didn’t know that. I wonder what is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.” 听了这话,戴茜哭了:“我很抱歉,我过去不知道还有这回事儿。我不知道为了帮助你们正在采取什么措施。飞毯啊,请把我带到一个有野生动植物保护的地方去,好吗?”

  The flying carpet traveled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. 飞毯飞行得如此之快,以至于一转眼他们就来到了津巴布韦。 Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by and elephant. 戴茜转过身去,看到一头大象正望着她。 “Have you come to take my photo?” it asked. 大象问道:“你是来给我拍照的吗?”In relief Daisy burst into laughter.戴茜如释重负,突然笑了起来。 “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us without mercy. 大象说道,“我们过去是濒危动物,农民们总是惨无人道地捕杀我们。 They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. 他们说,我们破坏了他们的农田,而旅游者的钱过去都流进了大型旅游公司。 So the government decided to help. 于是政府决定出面提供帮助。They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. 如果游客付给农民钱的话,他们允许游客来猎取一定数量的动物。Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. 如今农民高兴了,我们的数量也在增加。So good things are being done here to save local wildlife.”因此,为了拯救当地的野生动植物,他们也在做一些好事。”

  Daisy smiled, “That’s good news. 戴茜笑道:“这可是个好消息。It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.” 这体现了野生动植物保护的重要性,不过,我还是想按照世界自然基金会(WWF)的建议来帮助你们。” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. 飞毯再次升起,几乎一转眼他们就到了茂密的热带雨林。A m&111nkey watched them as it rubbed itself. 一只猴子一边擦着身体,一边望着他们。 “What are you doing?” asked Daisy. 戴茜问它:“你在干什么呢?”“I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes,” it replied. 它回答说:“我这样做可以防止蚊虫叮咬。 When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. 当我发现一种千足虫,便把它擦在身上,它含有一种强   效的药物可以防止蚊虫叮咬。 You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live the appreciate how the animals live together. 你们应该多加关注我生活的热带雨林,并且懂得热带雨林的动物是如何在一起生活的。 No rainforest, no animals, no drugs.”没有雨林,就没有动物,也就没有药物了。”

  Daisy was amazed. 戴茜很惊讶。“Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. “飞毯,请带我回家去,我可以告诉世界自然基金会,我们可以开始生产这种新药。M&111nkey, please come and help.” The m&111nkey agreed. 猴子,请跟我回去帮忙吧。”猴子同意了, The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. 毯子飞回了家。当他们着地时,一切就开始消失了。Two minutes later everything had gone-the m&111nkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. 两分钟后,什么都没了──猴子也没了。这样,戴茜就不能制造新药了。But what an experience! 但是,这是一次多么奇妙的经历呀!She had learned so much! And there was always WWF…她学了那么多东西!而且,还有世界自然基金会呢

  (二)重点短语

  1. decrease减少,降低 decrease by 减少了decrease to减少到 increase by/to增加了/到

  2. endangered animals濒临危险的动物 in danger of有…的危险;垂危out of danger脱离危险

  3. die out 逐渐消失,灭绝(某一物种,也可指疾病、语言、社会习俗custom的灭绝,消失)die off(指一群人或动物等)相继死去 die away(声音,风,光线等)逐渐停止,逐渐消失 die down(火焰,风暴,激烈的情绪等)逐渐减弱,变小

  4. in peace安详地,和平地

  5. loss损失,丢失,遗失at a loss困惑不解;不知所措

  6. in relief 如释重负

  7. a nature reserve 自然保护区 a natural protection zone 自然保护区

  8. be distant from…离…很远 in the distance在远处

  9. be employed to work被雇来工作

  10. long to do sth.渴望做某事 long for sth.想要…

  11. respond to 回答,回应 response(n.)

  12. turn around回转,转向 turn down减弱,降低;拒绝 turn up出现;露面;把声音开大 turn out关闭(煤气、自来水、电灯等);(常与to, that连用)结果 turn off 关闭,关掉 turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、电灯等) turn to sb. for help想某人求助

  13. burst into laughter=burst out laughing突然笑了起来 burst in闯进,突然插嘴 burst into tears=burst out crying突然哭起来 burst into +名词=burst out +doing突然…起来

  14. without mercy惨忍地 show mercy to对…同情/怜悯,可怜 at the mercy of听由…摆布

  15. a certain number of一定数量的 certain 确定的;某一、某些;一定的

  16. the importance of… 。。。的重要性 be of great/much importance 非常重要

  17. protect …from…保护…不受…(危害) under the protection of在…的保护下

  18. contain含有,包含;容纳;容忍 (事物在里面,或某事物由什么组成) include包括

  19. pay attention to注意(to为介词,后跟名词、代词、形容词) Attention, please!请注意 Attract/draw/catch one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 fix one’s attention on集中注意力在…上

  20. succeed in doing sth. 成功地做某事 success(n.)成功 successful(adj.)成功的

  21. be concerned about对…关心

  22. have a secure income有固定的收

  23. hunt for寻找,搜寻

  24. do harm to 伤害,对…有害 do good to对…有好处

  25. come into being出现,形成

  26. appreciate (v.)欣赏,感激,意识到 appreciate+名词/代词/动名词 I would appreciate it if… 如果…我将不胜感激。

  27. an unexpected incident一件意外事故

  28. for sure确切地,无疑地

  29. according to a UN report 根据联合国的一份报告

  30. in the last 500 years 在过去500年里

  31. a start and an ending开头和结尾

  32. intend/mean/ plan to …打算//计划做……

  33. to teach sb. a lesson教训某人

  (三)重点句型

  Certain和sure的句型

  Sb. be sure/certain of…= Sb. be sure/certain that从句 某人确信…

  be sure/certain to do sth. 肯定会做…

  It’s certain that从句 肯定会

  例如:It’s certain that he will succeed.=He’s sure/certain to succeed.他肯定会成功的。

  I’m sure/certain of his success.= I’m sure/certain that he will succeed. 我确信他会成功的。

  (四)语法——现在进行时的被动语态

  1.定义:现在进行时的被动语态表示此时此刻某事正在被做。

  微信公众号:简单高中生(ID:jiandan100cn)

  2.构成:be + being+过去分词

  用法:

  (1) “be being done” 中的动词be应随主语(sing. / pl.)作相应的变化。

  (2) 将现在进行时的主动语态变为现在进行时的被动语态的关键是:把be doing变为be being done.

  3.现在完成时被动语态可用于哪些场合?

  现在完成时被动语态可用来强调发生在过去的被动性动作对现在造成影响。

  现在完成时被动语态还可强调到目前为止某被动性动作或状态已存在若干时间。

  4.is/am/are to be done可用于哪些场合?

  (1) 用来表示根据计划或安排将要发生的被动性动作。

  (2) 用来表示征求对方意见。

  (3) 用来表示必要性。

  (4) 用来表示可能性。

  5.will/shall be done除用于一般将来时构成被动语态外,还可用于什么场合构成被动语态?

  will/shall be done除用于一般将来时构成被动语态外,还可用来表示有固定性条件就会有规律性被动结果。

  6.has/have been done是否可用于一般将来时构成被动语态?

  可以。has/have been done可用来表示到将来某一时刻为止某一动作已被完成,此时它属于一般将来时被动语态。

  7.现在进行时被动语态结构很复杂,应怎样理解?

  现在进行时被动语态结构为:is/am/are being done,is/am/are体现标准对照时间点为现在,并随人称的变化而变化;being体现进行时;being done体现被动语态。

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