高中英语必修二课文翻译:The Olympic Games

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  The Olympic Games

  (一)原文+译文

  AN INTERVIEW采访

  Pausanias, who was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago, has come on a magical journey on March 18th 2007 to find out about the present-day Olympic Games. 帕萨尼亚斯是大约2000年前的一位希腊作家,他于2007年3月18日作了一次魔幻旅行,来打听当代奥林匹克运动会的情况。He is now interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games. 现在他正在采访一位2008年奥林匹克运动会的志愿者李燕。

  P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I’ve come to your time to find out about the present-day Olympic Games because I know that in 2004 they were held in my homeland. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics?

  帕:我叫帕萨尼亚斯。我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”。我曾经写过很久以前奥林匹克运动会的情况。现在我来到你们这个时代,想了解有关当代奥运会的情况,因为我知道2004年奥运会是在我的祖国举行的。我可以问你几个有关现代奥林匹克运动会的问题吗?

  微信公众号:简单高中生(ID:jiandan100cn)

  L: Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can ask any questions you like. What would you like to know?

  李:天哪!你真的来自那么久远的年代?当然你可以问你想问的问题。你想知道什么呢?

  P: How often do you hold your Games?

  帕:你们的奥运会多久举行一次?

  L: Every four years. There are two main sets of Games-the Winter and Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world.

  李:每四年一次。运动会有两种:夏季奥运会和冬季奥运会。这两种运动会都是四年举行一次。冬季奥运会总是在夏季奥运会的前两年举行。只有达到他们各自项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受参加奥运会。选手可以来自全世界任何一个地方。

  P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy competing in winter? And what about the horses?

  帕:冬季奥运会?冬天运动员怎么可能赛跑啊?又怎么可能赛马呢?

  L: Oh no! There are no running races or horse riding events. Instead there are competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice. That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.

  李:噢,不!冬奥会并不包括跑步和骑马比赛,但是却有像滑冰和滑雪这类需要冰雪的比赛项目,所以才叫它冬季奥运会。跑步、游泳、划船和一些团队项目是在夏季运动会上进行。

  P: I see. Earlier you said that athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!

  帕:我明白了。你原来说邀请来的运动员来自世界各地。你指的是希腊世界?我们希腊各个城市之间曾经为了赢得荣誉而彼此竞争。别的国家不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加。

  L: Nowadays any country can take part if their athletes are good enough. There are over 250 sports and each on has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and …

  李:现在只要他们的运动员达到了参赛的标准,任何国家都能参赛。总共有250多个运动项目,每个项目都有自己的标准。妇女不仅允许参加,而且她们还在体操、竞技和团队等比赛项目中起着非常重要的作用……

  P: Please wait a minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where are all the athletes housed?

  帕:请等一下!所有这么多项目,所有这么多国家,甚至妇女也都参加!所有这些参赛的人住在哪里呢?

  L: For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well.

  李:每届奥运会都有一个特殊的村庄(奥运村)供参赛的人住,一个主要的接待大楼,好几个供比赛用的体育场,还有一个室内体育馆。

  P: That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games?

  帕:那听起来要花很多钱吧。会有人想承办奥运会吗?

  L: As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great responsibility but also a great honour to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that?

  李:事实上,每个国家都想抓住这个机会。被选中不仅要承担巨大的责任同时也享有极大的荣誉。国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌一样的激烈。2008年的奥运会将在中国举行,你知道吗?

  P: Oh yes! You must be very proud.

  帕:是的,听说过,你一定很自豪。

  L: Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have already started planning for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and …

  李:当然。那么2012年的奥运会将在伦敦举行。他们现在已开始筹划。在伦敦的东部将为运动员建立一个新的奥运村和所有的运动场。当然还会设计新的奖牌……

  P: Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do you compete for prize money too?

  帕:你刚才说奖牌是吗?就连橄榄枝花环也被取代了!天哪,你们也为奖金而竞赛吗?

  L: No, we don’t. it’s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know-“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.”

  李:不,不是的。仍然是为了能够跑得更快,跳得更高,掷得更远。你知道,奥运会的口号就是“更快,更高,更强”。

  P: Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time.

  帕:这是个好消息。很有趣!占用了你的时间,非常感谢。

  (二)重点短语

  1. the ancient Olympic Games 古代奥运会

  2. stand for 代表;表示;主张;支持;拥护

  3. compete with /against sb. for sth. in… 在…中与某人竞争而获得某物

  4. come on a magical journey 做梦幻之游come on (表劝说,鼓励等)来吧,走吧;开始

  5. be a volunteer for 做……志愿者 volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事

  6. nowadays当今,现在

  7. used to do sth.过去常常做某事 be used to do sth.被用来做get/be used to (doing) sth.习惯做...

  8. every two days, every second day, every other day每两天/每隔一天every few meters每几米

  9. on a regular basis定期地

  10. together with和…一起

  11. host n.主人,主持人 v. 主办,举行

  12. admit(admitted, admitting )承认,容纳,接纳 be admitted as 作为…被接受admit n./doing sth./having done sth./that从句 承认某事/(已经)做了某事 be admitted to/into… 被…录取,被允许、接纳进入 admit sb./sth. to be 承认某人/某物是…

  13. as well 也;又;同样 as well as (除...之外)也,既...又 conj. 以及,又

  14. take responsibility for… be responsible for对……负有责任,负起对……的责任

  15. replace(=take the place of ) replace sb./sth.取代某人/某物replace…with/by …以…取代

  16. put forward 呈上;提出;提前come up with提出,相出

  17. advertise sth.打广告

  18. be in/under sb’s charge= in /under the charge of sb.由…负责/管理 in charge of 或take charge of负责,掌管 free of charge=for free免费 charge sb. some money for sth. 因某事/物而向某人索价 get charged充电 charge sb. with (doing) sth.控告某人(做)某事

  19. physical exercise 体育锻炼

  20. be fined+金钱“被罚款”

  21. win glory for sb. 为某人赢得荣誉

  22. hopeless绝望的

  23. bargain讨价还价,便宜货 make a bargain with sb. 与某人达成协议/成交

  24. pick up 捡起来;接某人

  25. be in pain疼痛 take great pains to do sth.煞费苦心做某事

  26. promise许诺,答应;预示,有望 promise (sb.)to do sth. 答应(某人)做某事 promise (sb.)sth. 答应某人某事 promise (sb.)that从句 make a promise 许诺 keep a promise 遵守诺言carry out one’s promise 履行诺言 break one’s promise不遵守诺言

  27. marry v.结婚,嫁,娶 married adj.已婚的 marriage n.婚姻 Be/get married to sb与某人结婚 marry sb. to sb.把某人嫁给某人 A marry B A娶了/嫁给B

  28. one after another 一个接一个地,络绎不绝地 (连续性) one by one逐一地 (顺序性)

  29. deserve vi&vt.应受(报答或惩罚),值得 deserve to do sth理应做,值得做 deserve to be done= deserve doing应该,值得 (主动形式表示被动意义) deserve sth.应得 deserve to be rewarded /punished] 该奖[罚] deserve punishment应当受罚

  30. take part in 参加有组织的、重大的活动 join in参加在进行着的活动或游戏(球赛,游戏,舞会等)join参加团体、党派、组织、某人 join sb. in doing sth.加入某人做某事attend参加婚礼、典礼、讲座、会议、上课等(wedding, ceremony, lecture, meting, class, school)

  (三)重点句型

  1. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women. 别的国家不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能参加。(否定词置于句首,句子倒装。)

  (1) So+情态动词/助动词/be动词+主语 “也是的一样的”,强调后者同前者肯定情况一样。

  (2) Neither/Nor+情态动词/助动词/be动词+主语“也不” ,强调后者同前者否定情况一样。

  (3) So+主语+情态动词/助动词/be动词 “的确如此啊”,对前面情况的肯定。

  2. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics…

  not only…but (also)…不但…而且…

  (1) 引导并列结构:引导主语时,谓语动词 就近原则。

  (2) 引导并列句时,not only句倒装,即前倒后不倒。

  例如:Not only did they take photos, but also they had a bid dinner.

  3. There is as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals.国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌一样地激烈。

  (1) as/so + 形容词/副词原级 + as…

  例如:He is as tall as his brother, but he doesn’t study as/so well as his brother.

  (2) as/so + 形容词+ 不可数名词/可数名词复数+ as…

  例如:He gave me as valuable advice as you did.

  (3) as/so + 形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数 + as…

  例如:Tom is as tall a boy as Harry.

  (四)语法——一般将来时的被动语态

  1.一般将来时被动语态的定义和构成

  定义:被动语态,即不知道动作执行者或强调动作承受者的一种语态。例如中文常说:我被他打,这就是一种被动。

  构成:一般将来时被动语态由“shall(will)+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。

  (1) 主语+谓语+宾语

  (2) 主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语

  含有双宾语的主动语态,在变为被动语态时可将其中的一个宾语改为主语,另一个不变。习惯上把间接宾语变为主动语态的主语。

  (3) 主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语

  注意:含有复合宾语的主动句变为被动句时,将其中的宾语变为主语,宾补不变。

  2.使用被动语态注意的问题

  (1) 否定词not的位置

  在第一个助动词之后

  若句中有情态动词,把not放在情态动词后面。

  (2) 被动句中的by sb/with sth

  被动句中,动作的执行者一般不表示;如需表示,则用by sb,而with sth,短语表示“用某种材料”。

  (3) 不能用于被动语态的动词

  系动词不能用于被动语态。

  have无论表示“有”还是其他意思,都没有被动语态。

  表示状态的词没有被动语态。

  当及物动词leave,enter,reach等的宾语表示地点,处所或者组织的名词时,不能用于被动语态。

  当动词和宾语已经构成一个不可分割的短语是没有被动语态。

  有些动词意思上是被动,但形式上时主动,其主语是物,这些动词常见的有wash,write,sell,read,wear,shut,lock等。

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