2019年北京高考英语必考重点句型

时间:2019-02-18 15:33:49 来源: 阅读:(

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摘要:2019年北京高考英语句型必考内容有哪些?同学们又掌握了多少?以下内容不看后悔哦~

  春节已过,紧张的高三族们又进入了火热的二轮复习之中了,为了更好的巩固一轮的复习效果,文都中小学教学研究院的教研老师们特整理了一系列利于今年高考突破的各科总结,以便给师生们带来帮助和提高复习效率。下面就由吴老师给大家梳理一下高考英语句型的重点内容。

  No.1 句型一

  ① would rather that somebody did…“宁愿……;更愿意……”(表示现在或将来的愿望)

  ② would rather that somebody had done…“宁愿……;更愿意……”(表示过去的愿望)

  【示例】

  ① I'd rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。

  ② I'd rather you were not a celebrated actor. In that case, we could spend more time together.我到情愿你不是个知名演员,这样我们可以有更多的时间在一起。

  ③ I'd rather that I hadn't seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没有看到她。

  No.2 句型二

  ① as if/though + 主语 + did/had done… 好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用过去完成时)

  【示例】

  ① Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her. 班主任老师对待我们就象对待自己的孩子一样,因此班里所有学生都对她有很高的评价。

  ② Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there. Alan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。

  No.3 句型三

  “wish + 宾语从句”,① 表示不大可能实现的愿望;② 表示现在的愿望:主语+过去时;③ 表示过去的愿望:主语+had done;④ 表示将来的愿望:主语+would/could do。

  【示例】

  ① How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! 我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!

  ② I failed in the maths exam. How I wish I hadn't wasted so much time playing! 我数学考试不及格。我多么希望我没有浪费这么多时间玩!

  ③ What a pity you can't go to the party. How I wish I could dance with you at the party! 你不能去参加聚会真可惜。我多么希望能在聚会上和你跳舞!

  No.4 句型四

  ① It's high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略)… 早就该……

  【示例】

  ① It's time that you went to school. = It's time that you should go to school. 你该上学了。

  ② It's high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情了。

  ③ I think it's high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。

  No.5 句型五

  情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法。

  ① could have done “本来可以……”(表示过去没有实现的可能)。

  【示例】

  He could have passed the exam, but he was too careless. 本来他能够通过考试,但是他太粗心。

  ② might have done “本来可能……;本来应该或可以做某事”(实际没有发生;含有轻微的责备语气)。

  【示例】

  you might have dealt with this question by your teacher. 你本可以通过你的老师解决这个问题的(但你没有)。

  ③ should/ought to have done “本来该做某事”(而实际未做)。

  【示例】

  You should have gone over your lessons. (In fact you didn't go over your lessons.)你们应把功课复习好的。(可事实上你们没有。)

  ④ should not/ought not to have done “本来不该做”(实际却做过了,含有责备语气)。

  【示例】

  You oughtn't to have entered the teachers' office without permission. 没有经过允许,你们本不该进老师的办公室。

  ⑤ needn't have done “本来不必做”(但是已经做过了)。

  【示例】

  I got up early, but I needn’t have done so, because I had no work to do that morning. 我起床起得很早,但我本来不必起那么早的,因为我那天早上没什么事做。

  ⑥ would rather have done “当时宁愿做了某事”(实际没有做过)。

  【示例】

  I would rather have gone to the theatre than stayed home night. 我真希望昨天晚上去看了戏而不是呆在家里。

  ⑦ 否定式would rather not have done表达相反意思,两者都有表示“后悔”之意。

  【示例】

  The only transfer Allardyce would rather not have done was to allow Nolberto Solano to join West Ham to be nearer his family. 阿勒代斯操作的唯 一不甚情愿的转会是允许诺尔贝托索拉诺离开纽卡斯尔加盟西汉姆——那里离索拉诺的家更近一些。

  No.6 句型六

  as,though,although引导的让步状语从句。(although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中= though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。)

  【示例】

  ① Although/Though I'm young, I already know what career I want to follow.

  ☛ Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow. 我虽然年轻,但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。

  ② Although/Though I respect him very much, I cannot agree with his idea.

  ☛ Much as/though I respect him, I cannot agree with his idea. 虽然我很尊重他,但是我不同意他的观点。

  ③ Although/Though he is a child, he knows a lot of Chinese characters.

  ☛ Child(省略冠词) as/though he is, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 他虽然还是个孩子,却认识了许多汉字。

  ④ Although he tried, he couldn't solve the problem.

  ☛ Try as he might, he couldn't solve the problem. 尽管他努力了,但是他没有解决问题。

  ⑤ Although it is raining, I'm going out for a walk.

  ☛ Raining as it is, I'm going out for a walk. 天虽然在下雨,我还是要出去散步。

  ⑥ Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 这次意外虽然显得不可思议,却没有人受伤。

  ⑦ Much as I would like to help, I have a lot to do. 虽然我很想帮助你,但是我有很多事要做。

  ⑧ Object as you may, I will go. 纵使你反对,我也要去。

  No.7 句型七

  ……before……

  (1) “没来得及……就……”

  【示例】

  ① The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. 他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子,房顶就塌了。

  ② He ran off before I could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻止,他已经跑了。

  ③ To my great disappointment, my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with her. 让我非常失望的是,我还没有来得及和我最喜欢的歌手打招呼,她就已经离开了。

  (2) “过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度才……”

  【示例】

  ① They walked about fifty miles to the west before they saw a village. 他们西行50英里才看到一个村庄。

  ② The workers worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal. 工人们连续工作3天才使一切恢复正常。

  ③ He almost knocked me down before he knew it. 他几乎撞到我了才意识到。

  ④ We had walked a long way before we found some water. 我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。

  ⑤ Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉,五年过去了。

  No.8 句型八

  ① It was + 时间段 + before…… “过了多久才(怎么样)……”。

  ② It was not long before…… “不久,就……”。

  ③ It will (not) be + 时间段 + before…… “要过多久(不久)……才……”(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)。

  【示例】

  ① It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position. 不久他就意识到他处境的危险。

  ② It was five days before he came back. 五天后他才回来。

  ③ It will be half a year before you graduate from the school. 再过半年你才能毕业。

  ④ It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。

  No.9 句型九

  ① in case of……(+n.) “以防;万一”。

  ② in case that…… “以防,万一……”(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)

  【例句】

  ① In case of fire, what should we do? 万一发生火灾,我们该怎么办?

  ② Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 万一我忘了,请提醒我。

  ③ In case (that) John comes/should come, please tell him to wait. 如果约翰来了,请告诉他等一下。

  ④ Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain). 带上雨伞,以防下雨。

  今天就先梳理到这里,当然高考英语句型还有很多,本篇只是重点,也就是比较重要的、易失分的几种句型,希望同学们认真记忆,便于灵活应用,考出好的成绩!

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