高考英语改革后,概要写作主要考察什么能力?

时间:2019-10-09 11:51:08 来源:文都高考网 阅读:(

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摘要:高考英语改革后“概要写作”重点考查考生理解和呈现原文要点和准确使用词汇和语法结构的能力。

  一、概要写作/读后续写主要考察什么能力?

  “概要写作”重点考查考生理解和呈现原文要点和准确使用词汇和语法结构的能力。要求学生客观并且简练的概括出原文,而且要保证故事的完整连贯,逻辑通顺。(这类题型相对来说比较简单;考察三方面的能力:1. 找关键词的能力;2. 把关键词写成正确句子的能力;3. 把句子写成合理的段落的能力)

高考英语改革

  注意:60词左右,所以难度不大。

  概要写作解题思路

  步骤1:阅读文章,找到核心词句。

  【1】Parents everywhere praise their kids. (错误论点)Jenn Berman, author of The A to Z Guide to Raising Happy and Confident Kids,says, "We\'ve gone to the opposite extreme of a few decades ago when parents tended to be more strict." (名人论据)By giving kids a lot of praise, parents think they\'re building their children\'s confidence, when,in fact(此词一出,前后相反),it may be just the opposite. (转折,说明后文中药)Too much praise can backfire and, when given in a way that\'s insincere, make kids afraid to try new things or take a risk for fear of not being able to stay on top where their parents\' praise has put them. (核心结论,简而言之:Too much praise can backfire)

  【2】Still, don\'t go too far in the other direction. (论点:Too little praise is damaging)Not giving enough praise can be just as damaging as giving too much. (论据一)Kids will feel like they\'re not good enough or that you don\'t care and, as a result, may see no point in trying hard for their accomplishments.(论据二)

  【3】So what is the right amount of praise? (问句引出话题)Experts say that the quality of praise is more important than the quantity.(论点,但是quality,quantity不够具体,所以可以把quality,替代为:sincere,focus on effort【论据一】,process【论据二】;quantity代替为:outcome【论据一】,end【论据二】) If praise is sincere and focused on the effort not the outcome, you can give it as often as your child does something that deserves a verbal reward." (论据一)We should especially recognize our children\'s efforts to push themselves and work hard to achieve a goal, "says Donahue, author ofParenting Without Fear: Letting Go of Worry and Focusing on What Really Matters. "One thing to remember is that it\'s the process not the end product that matters."(论据二)

  【4】Your son may not be the best basketball player on his team. But if he\'s out there every day and playing hard, you should praise his effort regardless of whether his team wins or loses. Praising the effort and not the outcome can also mean recognizing your child when she has worked hard to clean the yard, cook dinner, or finish a book report. (论据)But whatever it is, praise should be given on a case-by-case basis and be proportionate(相称的)to the amount of effort your child has put into it. (结论,主句作用大于从句,核心词,effort)

  步骤二:形成句子:

  1. Parents everywhere praise their kids.

  2. Too much and too little praise can be damaging.

  3. Parents should be sincere and focus on the process.

  4. Parents should give praise to rhe efforts their kids put into the process.

  步骤三:形成段落:

  参考答案:Parents tend to go to extremes when it comes to praising their kids. (要点一) Yet, both too much and too little praise can be equally damaging. (要点二) When giving praise, parents should be sincere and concentrate on the process instead of the result. (要点三) Similarly, they ought to give praise for how much effort their kids have invested in the work they’re involved in. (要点四)


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