高二英语必修五课文翻译之《PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY》

时间:2018-11-30 15:04:01 来源: 阅读:(

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摘要:本篇文章整理分享了高二英语课文第2单元的相关内容,《PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY》的课文翻译,对这篇文章还不太熟悉的同学可以认真看看。

  高二新学期,学习内容增多,难度加大,为帮助同学们更好地学习高二英语,文都中小学高考网梳理了英语必修五课文及翻译,希望对大家理解英文课文有所帮助!如下是高二英语必修五课文翻译《PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY》的内容,一起来看看吧!

  PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

  大不列颠及北爱尔兰王国(英国全称) 

  People may wonder why different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can clarify this question if you study British history.

  人们也许觉得奇怪,为什么用来描述英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰这四个国家的词语不太一样。但如果你学过英国历史,就能弄清楚这个问题。

  First there was England. Wales was linked to it in the thirteenth century. Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well. Next England and Wales were joined to Scotland in the seventeenth century and the name was changed to "Great Britain". Happily this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. Finally the English government tried in the early twentieth century to form the United Kingdom by getting Ireland connected in the same peaceful way. However, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government. So only Northern Ireland joined with England, Wales and Scotland to become the United Kingdom and this was shown to the world in a new flag called the Union Jack.

  首先是英格兰。威尔士于13世纪同英格兰联合了起来。如今只要有人提起英格兰,你就会发现威尔士总是包括在内的。接着,英格兰、威尔士同苏格兰于17世纪联合了起来,名字就改成了“大不列颠”。令人庆幸的是,当苏格兰的詹姆斯国王成为英格兰和威尔士的国王时,这三个国家和平地实现了联合。最后,英国政府打算于20世纪初把爱尔兰也同另外三个国家和平联合起来以形成联合王国。然而,爱尔兰的南部却不愿组建联合王国,它分离出去,并建立了自己的政府。因此只有北爱尔兰同英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰联合起来,而组成了联合王国,这一点从新的联合王国国旗上就可以看得出来。

  To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations), but they still have very different institutions. For example, Northern Ireland, England and Scotland have different educational and legal systems as well as different football teams for competitions like the World Cup!

  值得赞扬的是,这四个国家的确在一些方面共同合作,例如在货币和国际关系方面;但是有些制度仍然区别很大。例如,北爱尔兰、英格兰和苏格兰在教育体制和立法体制上都存在着差异。在参加像世界杯之类的比赛时,它们有着各自的足球队。

  England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is known as the North. You find most of the population settled in the south, but most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England. Although, nationwide, these cities are not as large as those in China, they have world-famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. For historical architecture you have to go to older but smaller towns built by the Romans. There you will find out more about British history and culture.

  在这四个国家中,英格兰是最 大的。为了方便起见,它大致可以划分为三个地区。最靠近法国的那个地区叫做英格兰南部,中部地区叫做英格兰中部,最靠近苏格兰的那个地区叫做英格兰北部。你可以看到英国的大部分人口聚居在南部,而多数大工业城市都位于中部和北部。尽管,英国任何一个城市都不像中国的城市那样大,但是他们都有着自己的享有威名的足球队,有的城市甚至还有两个队。很遗憾,这些建于19世纪的工业城市对游客并没有吸引力。要找历史性建筑你得去更古老的、比较小些的由古罗马人建造的城镇。在那儿你才可能找到更多的有关英国历史和文化的东西。

  The greatest historical treasure of all is London with its museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings. It is the centre of national government and its administration. It has the oldest port built by the Romans in the first century AD, the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman rulers in 1066. There has been four sets of invaders of England. The first invaders, the Romans, left their towns and roads. The second, the Anglo-Saxons, left their language and their government. The third, the Vikings, influenced the vocabulary and place-names of the North of England, and the fourth, the Normans, left castles and introduced new words for food.

  最 具历史意义的宝地是伦敦。那儿有博物馆,有艺术珍品、剧院、公园和各种建筑物。它是全国的政治中心。它有公元一世纪由罗马人建造的最古老的港口,有由盎格鲁——撒克逊人始建于11世纪60年代的最古老的建筑,还有公元1066年由后来的诺曼人统治者建造的最古老的城堡。曾经有四批侵略者到过英国。第一批入侵者是古罗马人,留下了他们的城镇和道路。接着是盎格鲁——撒克逊人,留下了他们的语言和政体。第三是斯堪的纳维亚人,他们对词汇和北部的地名造成了一定影响;第四是诺曼人,他们留下了城堡和食物名称的新词语。

  If you look around the British countryside you will find evidence of all these invaders. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom enjoyable and worthwhile.

  如果你到英国乡间去看看,你就会找到所有这些入侵者的痕迹。如果想使你的英国之旅不虚此行又有意义,你就必须留心观察。

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